Kitchen Fire Safety

Kitchens are a natural place for fires to start: you are already working with open flames or very high heat. Take extra precautions to prevent fires.

Preventing kitchen fires

The number one cause of kitchen fires is unattended cooking. When cooking anything on top of the stove, or in the oven, stay with it. For long-cooking dishes, plan activities you can do in the kitchen, such as cleaning or preparing other dishes. If “kitchen activities” don’t come to mind, consider reading, writing, chatting with family or friends, or even reading a story to the kids. All of these can keep you happily and productively occupied while keeping an eye on what is being cooked.

If you cannot or don’t want to stay in the kitchen:

  1. Check frequently on food that is cooking,
  2. Have a working smoke alarm installed where it can warn of potential fire.
  3. Keep a fire extinguisher within easy reach.

Kitchens can be very active places, especially when meals are being prepared. These basic tips can increase your safety:

  1. Wear short-sleeve, close fitting clothing when cooking. Loose clothing can more easily catch fire.
  2. Watch children closely in the kitchen. Teach them fire safety and proper handling of tools to prevent burns, cuts, or other injuries. Do this before you teach them to cook. Stay with children for every step as they are learning ot cook. Reinforce and praise their safety skills.
  3. Grease can accumulate quickly in the kitchen. Grease fires can quickly spread to the entire kitchen. Clean your cooking surfaces and counters frequently to prevent food and grease build-up. Ideally this should be done immediately after cooking, or during clean-up after each meal.
  4. Keep flammable materials, such as curtains, towels, pot holders, plastic or paper bags, away form cooking surfaces.
  5. Store all solvents and flammable cleaners well away from all heat sources. Never keep gasoline or kerosene in the house, especially not in the kitchen.
  6. While cooking, make sure pan handles are turned away from the front of the stove so that no one will accidentally bump them. Boiling water or hot grease thrown from a jostled pan can cause severe burns. Keep the area in front of the stove clear and calm while cooking.

Putting out a fire

Even with the greatest care, you may someday have to put out a kitchen fire.

First, assess the danger. If the fire has spread beyond the oven or a pan, call the fire department right away. In most locations, you can call 911 and they will transfer you to the needed service.

If the fire is small and contained, as in food flaming in a pan, these tips may help:

  1. Slide a pan lid over a grease or oil fire to smother flames. Turn off the heat. Watch carefully to make sure the fire is not spreading somewhere unexpected. Leave the lid in place until it cools. Once the fire is completely out and everything is cool, thoroughly clean everything that was involved in the fire, especially the stove top or oven. If the flame got outside of a pan, you will need to decide whether there was any damage that must be repaired before you can cook again. Caution: Never attempt to carry a flaming pan outside. Doing this increases your risk of spreading the fire and of being burned.
  2. Keep a large box of baking soda on hand. Aside from its other uses, you can pour baking soda over most small food fires to extinguish the flames.
  3. Never use water or flour to put out fires. Water added to a grease fire reacts violently, sending hot grease everywhere. This spreads the fire and increases your chance of being burned. Flour can have a similar effect. Water poured on flames can also get into electrical circuits in the stove or oven, which can complicate the situation and increase the danger.
  4. If a fire occurs in your oven, keep the door shut and turn off the heat. This will usually smother the flames without further risk.
  5. Keep a fire extinguisher in the kitchen. There are several types of extinguishers, each designed for use with specific kinds of fire. Make sure you have the right kind; one that can put out grease-based fires most often found in kitchens. Make sure you know how to use the extinguisher. Check periodically to ensure that it is in proper working order.

Fire Extinguisher – The Do’s and Don’ts in Handling and Maintenance

We all have different ways to fight fire. Sometimes we prefer prevention rather than fighting it. Even though there are many ways to prevent this incidence from happening, fire accidents still occur. People still get hurt, loose their homes or even lives in the process. That is why people buy devices to ensure that small incidences of fire will not turn out big to the point of being destructive. Some people do survive with the aid of these devices

The presence of a fire-protecting device is important in making a place fire safety. Despite the fact that is mandated by building codes and standards to have them around, people still get them for the reason of fire safety. Even people owning their homes, buy them for the reason that even at home, fire can be a big risk to use. Your gas tanks or pipelines, grillers, burners, heaters and other electrical devices are all fire hazards. Although, these devices may not be used at all times, having them can be a plus in case of fire emergencies.

There are many types of devices that you can buy in the market and they also have different indications. Actually, these fire-protecting devices are commonly referred to as fire extinguishers. With these devices, there are certain things to keep in mind when using them. Take note of the dos and donts below:

DOs

1. read the instruction manual to understand the use of the device.

2. check the rating or classification of the device to know the kinds of fire it is applicable.

3. follow the pneumonic PASS in extinguishing the flames

4. Maintain a safe distance when extinguishing the flames.

5. put signs and indicators on the location of the device. Make sure that they can be seen easily. They should also be accessible.

6. Hang them on walls or use protective cabinets to keep them.

7. undergo proper training for proper handling of a fire extinguisher as set by the OSHA or Occupational Health and Safety Administration. Follow also strict rules set by the NFPA or standards and codes set by them for these devices.

8. recharge the equipment after use and follow maintenance schedule.

DONTs

1. use them if you have no idea on how to operate them. You will just put it into waste.

2. use water agents on grease and oil fires or use dry chemical extinguishers to electrical devices or anything with metal because it is corrosive.

3. aim at the flames of the fire.

4. stand too close to the fire or even plan to walk on those extinguished areas.

5. put them on areas where fire is most likely to happen making them unreachable.

6. leave them on corridors or any anything that is highly magnetic.

7. violate the standards because even with their presence you might still be at risk or more prone to the dangers of fire.

8. play with the device or even play with its substances use because of the possibility of injuring you.

Five Survival Uses for a Chair

When I began to write my book Unprepared, I didn’t yet know all that I would put my character through. All I knew was that she was going to be completely unprepared for any kind of disaster. When she ended up outside after an EMP, she had nothing in the way of emergency supplies. She had to start from scratch and make her surroundings work for her. This forced me as the author to get creative. What would someone find along the way and how many creative uses could she get from it? By the time I was done writing the book I had thought of some survival tips that I hadn’t seen anywhere else. For example, in several other apocalyptic type novels, the main characters have already been preparing for some sort of disaster. So when the disaster finally hits, they just throw on their bug out bags and survive comfortably while everyone else struggles. That always made for a great story. But what about the rest of us? What are we going to do? I’ll tell you what we’re going to do. We’re going to have to get creative.

In the spirit of getting creative, then, I thought I would do a series of articles on at least five alternative uses for various items. Of course, I’ll always try to come up with more than five. But five would be the minimum. This article will focus on some creative uses for chairs in a survival situation. Of course, there are a lot of different types of chairs out there, so we’ll review a few uses for each type of chair. And by uses I don’t mean just sitting on them or using them for firewood. Those are the obvious ones. I hope to think outside the box a little and find uses that no one would have thought of until they became desperate.

To get started, let’s talk about a basic kitchen chair made out of wood. The seat could be taken out of it and used as a type of sled to get down hills quickly, or to load something heavy on and slide along the ground. Or someone could pull apart the legs and jam them in the ground and then place something flat on top in order to make a table. With the right kind of chair, the chair back could be cut off and used as a frame for a homemade backpack. If the chair has round dowels they could be removed and used for rolling up a map, or for rolling up string. Or, it might require a few tools, but a person could also remove one of the legs and add the slats from the chair back to one end, making a paddle. The slats could also be used as splints to bind up a wound.

Metal chairs offer a different set of possibilities. If there is one long tube part bent around from the left back leg to the right back leg, it can be unbent and used as a long pole, possibly for walking or fishing. If the metal seat is a solid piece it can be turned over and used to hold water, or as a tray of some kind. The little plastic foot pieces can be pulled off and used to hold very small items, such as seeds. Any screws, nuts or washers can be removed from the chair to be used elsewhere. On a card table chair that folds up, you could also remove the front legs and put them together on one of the sliding hinges to create a small A frame that opens and closes. This could be used as a bi-pod for steadying a site.

Cloth chairs provide material that can be used for bandages or for cleaning a wound. The cushions can be used as sponges to soak up water where another tool might not work. Depending on how much wood is available in the chair, the various pieces can be taken apart and reassembled to make a rough shelter on which to spread a tarp. Whatever the need is, the entire chair should be looked at, and each piece analyzed as to whether it can help or not. Once we stop seeing it as a chair and start seeing all the various pieces, it becomes easier to find alternative uses.

I hope this has been helpful. Nearly everyone has chairs in their homes. So if things go badly, we can always find a chair and adapt it to our needs for the moment. I would love to hear other ideas on creative uses for a chair in an emergency situation.

An Emergency Kit Can Save Your Life

Natural Disasters

If an emergency kit can save just one life, it would be worth owning. Natural disasters have caused more than 20,000 deaths in the United States. Must-haves such as survival food, emergency water, shelter, sleeping bag and first aid supplies will give you a better chance of surviving disasters like a hurricane, fire, blizzard and an earthquake. The following article will attempt to outline the many different uses an emergency kit may provide you and your family during natural disasters caused by severe weather, extreme heat, and snowstorms.

Severe Weather

A disaster kit could have saved one of the 6,000 people that died from severe weather in the United States. Thunderstorms, tornados, hurricanes, and floods have been responsible for killing more people than all other natural disasters. That said, owning a kit would significantly mitigate many of the indirect deaths caused by severe weather. This type of survival bag gives you 24/7 access to must-haves such as:

  • emergency food,
  • emergency water,
  • survival blanket,
  • first aid supplies,
  • emergency tow rope,
  • reflective triangle kit,
  • duct tape,
  • emergency car shovel; and
  • jumper cables.

These items would give you a better chance at repairing a puncture, recovering from a vehicle breakdown, jump starting your car battery and building a shelter if you’re ever forced to evacuate.

Extreme Heat

Contents of an emergency kit may have prevented one of the estimated 4,000 deaths that were caused by extreme heat. Most survival packs include water as part of the food rations. As well, you should find water purification tablets inside your emergency kit. These are ideal for turning dirty water from lakes, streams, and rivers into clean drinking water. Must-haves such as these help to prevent heat-related emergencies such as heat stroke or heat exhaustion, by keeping you hydrated and cool. Other tips to avoid heat stroke include, removing restrictive clothing and pouring water over your body and allowing it to evaporate off your skin. You can also use a fan to speed up the cooling process, as well, seek shelter under the shade of your tent or emergency tarp.

Snowstorms

Emergency kits that contain cold weather gear could have potentially saved one of the 3,600 people who have passed away from a snowstorm. The risk of blizzard conditions may cause car accidents as well as increase your chances of frostbite or hypothermia. An emergency kit has a bug out bag tent, survival blanket, warm pack, emergency sleeping bag, matches, and candles to keep you warm in winter. It can also contain specific items for your vehicle like a reflector, a tire inflator, a shovel, jumper cables and emergency tow rope. These items would become all the more critical if you’re trapped in a stranded car.

An emergency kit isn’t just a bunch of things; it’s your last line of defense against death caused by natural disasters.

5 Safety Tips on How to Deal With Fire

Many people died or get seriously injured because of fires every year. However, these can be prevented by having fire precautions and following some fire safety tips. Fire detection devices play very important roles to help prevent and control fires.

We should not take too lightly the importance of having fire precautions and fire detection system in your homes and buildings. Fire is powerful enough to cause us loss and devastation. The only way to protect our family is through proper prevention and early fire detection.

Below are the top five safety tips that you need to keep in mind in order to handle the wrath of fire effectively.

– Install a smoke detector and fire alarm. – They can detect unusual smoke earlier before you can possibly smell or feel the flames. They will warn you immediately so you can save your home and possessions, ask for help early, or escape in time. Change the smoke detector’s batteries at least once a year.

– Have fire extinguishers and fire blankets readily available. – They will help you put out small fires easily. Just make sure that your extinguishers are regularly checked and tested by the proper authority.

– Evacuate the place when needed. – If the fire is already too large to handle, you need to get out and escape. Use your escape route plans calmly.

– Learn how to manage smoke. – To prevent much smoke inhalation, leave the burning place slithering on your belling or crawling on your knees.

– Think of your life’s safety. – When you get trapped inside a room, close the door and stuff the spaces around the door to prevent smoke from entering. If there is a window, go there and ask for help. Do not ever think of jumping off the window and end up risking your life. In case you are already outside and wanted to save someone who is trapped or you want to save your things inside the burning house, do not even think of it. Let the trained personnel to handle those things. Just stay in a safe area and wait for the authority’s advice if it is already safe to reenter the building.

Fires can strike anytime and anywhere when least expected. Without fire detection device like fire alarm, even a small mistake could turn into a major disaster. Always prioritize your family’s safety. Every room should have at least one fire exit. If your room is on the second floor, install a ladder that you can drop from the window in case of fire emergency. Most importantly, you need to stay focus and do not panic so that you can think of the proper safety tips that will keep you safe in times of troubles like this.

Preventing fire from getting worse is not possible without early fire detection. Better invest in helpful and life saving things like this rather than lost all your possessions in a matter of minutes just because you underestimated the possible damages fire could bring.